A claim made by a plaintiff and documented in a complaint.
Willful harm or threat to harm another.
Burden of proof:
Degree to which a plaintiff must prove his or her claims; usually plaintiffs are supposed to convince judge or jury that the evidence points to their claims’ validity.
Compensatory damages:
Monetary compensation awarded to directly address the effects of an injury. Examples of compensatory damages include money for past and future medical treatment and lost wages.
Document that initiates the lawsuit process for a civil lawsuit.
Moneys awarded when a plaintiff wins a personal injury lawsuit.
A deceased person.
Person or persons accused of causing or contributing to a personal injury in a civil suit.
The process of collecting and producing evidence that takes place before a civil lawsuit.
Emotional distress:
Mental anguish or suffering.
Gross negligence:
Intentional or reckless failure to perform a duty or live up to a standard of care.
Responsibility for an act that led to a personal injury.
Medical malpractice:
Failure of a medical professional to act with reasonable standard of care.
Failure to act with reasonable care, causing personal injury.
Pain and suffering:
Mental or physical anguish; often forms a basis for monetary damages.
The injured party bringing a civil lawsuit for a personal injury.
Product liability:
A branch of law dealing with defective products.
Punitive damages:
Damages designed to punish a defendant and/or deter future negligence on the part of other parties.
Statute of limitations:
A time frame in which a lawsuit must be filed to be valid.
Place in which a court has jurisdiction; place of trial.
Wrongful death:
A death that takes place as the result of someone else’s negligence or lack of care.